Encyclopedia
Kotiora

Today called Ordu, city and port, northern Turkey, on the Black
Sea. It lies at the mouth of the Melet River on the eastern slopes of
Boztepe (1,800 feet [550 m]), which protects it against storms from
the northwest. Ordu was the site of ancient Cotyora, founded by
Greek colonists from Sinope (modern Sinop) in the 5th century BC,
and is the place from which the survivors of Xenophon's Ten
Thousand (Greeks who went to Asia to seek their fortunes)
embarked for Sinope and Heraclea Pontica (modern Eregli). Ordu is
now a centre for hazelnut processing and exporting, fishing, and
timber exporting. The city is on the Samsun-Trabzon coastal road
about 100 miles (160 km) west of Trabzon.
The area in which Ordu is situated is rugged, well-forested, and
humid. The fertile coastal strip supports a variety of agricultural
products, including corn (maize) and hazelnuts. Livestock is raised
and grain is grown in the deep valleys of the interior. Pop. (1990)
102,107.
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